Is Canada Socialist?

flag of Canada

Canada is not socialist, rather it is described as a social democracy. Hence, a contrast must be drawn between socialism and social democracy. Socialism is a theory that is based on communal ownership of means of production and distribution.

On the other hand, social democracy, as a political belief system, advocates socialist values but is still within the purview of capitalism. Hence, government ownership, as well as private ownership, is encouraged.

In this article, I’ll explain why Canada is not socialist in practice and the features that make it so. If you’d like to learn more, let’s begin!

What is Canadian Political Culture?

Canada has been described as having a “full democracy.” A full democracy can be explained as a nation where civil liberties and political freedoms are both respected and enforced. Hence, it is mostly egalitarian and liberal. In fact, some people have chosen to call it “semi-representative liberalism”. 

Features That Prove That Canada is not Socialist

To further prove that Canada is not socialist, these qualities stand out to prove the same:

  • Democracy 
  • Equal voting rights
  • Equal rights to health and education 
  • Canada’s economy is partly regulated by the government

These are clear indicators that Canada is not socialist.

Features of Socialism 

As opposed to the features of social democracies, the following are the features of socialism:

  • Income is distributed equally
  • There is collective ownership of the country’s resources
  • Market forces are absent (No competition)
  • Consumers have no choice
  • Distribution and exchange he is regulated and owned by the whole community


Just like every economic system, social democracy sure has some downsides to it. However, it’s more secure for countries to maintain a blend of both systems to keep a healthy balance. In all, Canada is not socialist.

Frequently Asked Questions About Canada

What other country is socialist? 

Here’s a list of other socialist countries

  • People’s Republic of China
  • Republic of Guinea-Bissau
  • People’s Democratic Republic of Algeria 
  • Portuguese Republic
  • Republic of Cuba
  • Lao People’s Democratic Republic
  • People’s Republic of Bangladesh
  • State of Eritrea
  • Socialist Republic of Vietnam

What type of capitalism is Canada?

Canada is characterized by high-level monopoly capitalism. That’s because Canada is also an imperialist country with one of the highest foreign ownership levels among other imperialist countries.

Hence, you’ll notice that the means of production in Canada are mainly privately-owned. Capitalists operate Canadian banks, mines, factories, and even transport industries. The source of profit in Canada is mainly through the exploration of the Canadian working class. This also goes to show why taxes in Canada are high. 

What Canadian party is socialist?

The Socialist Party of Canada (SPC) is the socialist party you’ll find in operation in Canada. 

What is Canada’s type of economy?

Canada has a high mixed-market economy. A mixed market economy is one that combines both principles of socialism and capitalism in its operation. By and large, this phenomenon works for Canada.

Presently, Canada generates the 8th largest Gross Domestic Profit (GDP) in the world (when calculated nominally). By Purchasing Power Parity (PPP), Canada ranks 15th largest in GDP generation. 

Is Canada a wealthy country?

Canada is a wealthy and developed nation, having one of the largest of the world’s economies and much global trade recognition. It also ranks 8th in the top 10 wealthiest countries in the whole world. Canada’s thriving industries are mining, manufacturing, and real estate, especially since it has some of the biggest mining companies in the world.